Release

Finally, I’ve managed to find the time to finish up the new boot code, test everything, generate new bitstreams for the download page, and update the site.

There are now two different sets of boot roms to choose from. The sources in m9312l46.mac and m9312h46.mac are the – now almost unchanged – DEC M9312 boot roms, as described in the K-SP-M9312 documents you can find on Bitsavers. The only change I made is a tiny one that will allow you to use lower case input – even though the size of the roms is completely filled up by the original code, I found some room by removing a couple of instructions that read the switch settings on the original hardware that allowed to select whether or not diagnostics would be run before booting. The PDP2011 does not have these switches – diagnostics will always run.

The second set of boot roms is in the sources m9312l47.mac and m9312h47.mac – I used the additional rom space to make the original boot code a bit more elaborate. It now lists what is  in the device space of the system, before going on to the original way of booting – ie, boot from the first disk of the first controller it finds, in the order RK, RL, RH.

Which of the two sets to choose depends a bit on which kind of configuration you run, and what you’re going to do with it. The DEC version is more flexible, it allows you to boot from whichever disk is in the system – which is very useful if you have made a configuration with more than one disk controller in it. And the load and store commands are very easy to use if you are debugging the interface between the PDP2011 core and memory chips, as you would do when porting the PDP2011 to an FPGA board that I don’t support. On the other hand, if you’re using a simple configuration and are booting it a lot, then the ‘old’ style core is easier – nothing to do, it just boots.

As a side effect of adding the second M9312 boot rom at 165000, in addition to the one already there in the older PDP2011 versions at 173000, the internal bus structure of the system has become larger. No problem for all of the existing board setups that I distribute, except for one – the de0, that was already used to the max of it’s capacity with the older 1170-rpxunofp setup, now gets seriously cramped for resources. As a consequence, I’ve had to decrease the clock speed somewhat – it now runs at 6.25Mhz at the cpu, instead of the 10Mhz. Still remarkable, if you consider that this the 1170-rpxunofp has 3 actual PDP-11 cpu’s in it – one for the system itself, one for the DEUNA, and one for the embedded terminal. Interestingly, it seems to be snappier despite the lower clock speed when I access it over the network – it might be that the original clock speeds caused some kind of interference between the DEUNA code and the ENC chip.

I’ve also updated the site in several places, and added a couple of how-to pages to explain how to get started, how to run the system, and how to make your own configuration.

Next thing on the agenda is to redo the sd card core in the disk controllers – clean up the old core, and add sdhc support – which I’ve postponed for a long time already, but since regular sd cards are becoming increasingly difficult to find (and my own stock is also rapidly depleting) this is becoming a priority. I don’t have a plan yet when it will be finished though – as I’ve often said, PDP2011 is something to do in winter, and the only reason that I’ve just now found time to work on it is because of a spell of bad weather in The Netherlands.

Finishing up for today, I thought to give an example of what the device space list looks like with the new boot code. Here it is:

Hello, world [t47]: cpu 11/45 fpu
177776           psw
177774           slr
177772           pirq
177770           mbr
177676 - 177640  par
177636 - 177600  pdr
177576 - 177572  mmu
177570           sdr
177566 - 177560  kl
177546           kw
174406 - 174400  rl
173776 - 173000  m9312
172516           mmu
172376 - 172340  par
172336 - 172300  pdr
172276 - 172240  par
172236 - 172200  pdr
165776 - 165000  m9312

boot from rl:

which of course will look slightly different depending on the configuration.

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